Actually what is meant by match fixing and why is it so feared?
Setting scores is sometimes called match manipulation or match manipulation which means removing the uncertainty of a match result, or in other words the result of the match can already be determined. However, there is no uniform explanation of the manipulation of this match.
Norway tries to divide this scoring into three (3) categories, namely:
Match fixing: a type of conventional outcome setting (a team or individual athlete is paid for “deliberately” defeated).
Spot fixing: a type of match arrangement at certain times when the course of the game (ex, corner kick in football) does not always affect the outcome of the game.
Point shaving: a type of match-fixing, but not the end result (meaning the player is paid to ensure that his team does not beat the opposing team over 10 goals).
Match fixing or match setting, which is a game that has been arranged so that we can know the end result. Can be only part of a match that is set, can also be whole. But usually match fixing is very focused on the outcome of a game.
Whatever the type, in principle setting the score is a very dangerous matter, even FIFA Security Director Ralf Mutschke said that match manipulation is a very significant global threat to damage the integrity of football, and how serious the problem, he describes that the whole world (sports ) Including match fixing on esport are under threat.
There are many reasons why match fixing takes place, and in general for reasons of gambling and financial gain in the form of money or luxury is one of the encouragement of the offender to run a match manipulation. In addition, in match manipulation may also include other benefits offered, such as sexual favor (sexual favors) or threats, even violence that may also be used.
Match fixing of this gambling background is easy to guess. Evidence of money transfer from gambler account to player / official / referee account will be easy to find. Likewise, evidence of telephone conversations, text messages, or other contacts will be subject to federal charges to punish those involved.
The general public often thinks of winning a match, a team will usually bribe referees. The allegations are not wrong, but the referee is not the main figure in the practice of fix fixing. Usually match fixer will approach the club’s top officers to make this match fixing happen. After club officials agree to match fixing, club officials will begin to instruct their players to play match fixers.
As mentioned above, generally match fixers are gamblers. They will do anything to win the betting of a match. Not only the end result is at stake, even the first throw in belongs to whom also bias to be the bet. But the most common is the end result. Win, series, or lose. The club owner is one of the most powerful game directors.
In addition, there are two other types of motivation from distinguished actors: (1) direct financial motivation, associated with gambling; (2) indirect financial motivation. In the case of gambling, in terms of match manipulation, the perpetrators gain direct economic benefits from the sport through this gambling activity. A defeat suffered by a team can greatly benefit the offender, if a team loses by a sizable margin, because betting on a very striking score is a tantalizing advantage. The bets associated with match manipulation can also be driven by greed. Whereas the manipulation of matches that are not involved with gambling activities, is seen as motivation in sports, because the purpose of this manipulation is to gain immediate advantage from the outcome of winning the match or passing to a higher level of competition.